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Regional Models

Hawaiian Islands (GEOID96)

  Authors: D.A. Smith, D.G. Milbert     Created: 1996    Resp: D.R. Roman  
      Status: PUBLIC    
GEOID96 is a gravimetric geoid model for Hawaiian Islands computed by the National Geodetic Survey (NGS). It is referred to the GRS80 normal ellipsoid in the ITRF94 frame (epoch 1996.0). It has a 2'x2' spatial resolution in latitude and longitude. It is based on about 61000 terrestrial and marine gravity values, augmented by gravity data contributions from NIMA. Unlike the grid for the conterminous United States, this GEOID96 model does not incorporate GPS/levelling data. The gravimetric geoid determination for Hawaiian Islands is based on the same techniques as G96SSS for the conterminous United States, namely on the use of the one-dimensional spherical Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) to evaluate Stokes' integral. It is performed in the framework of a remove-restore procedure, where long wavelengths come from the EGM96 geopotential model, while the terrain correction is computed by using a digital elevation model with a spatial resolution of 6''x6''. Due to poorer data coverage, error estimates for GEOID96 in this region are larger than the ones of G96SSS in the conterminous United States.

D.A. Smith, D.G. Milbert (1999). The GEOID96 high-resolution geoid height model for the United States. Journal of Geodesy, 73(5), pp. 219-236. DOI: 10.1007/s001900050239

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