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Regional Models

Weddell Sea - Antarctica


  Authors: J. Schwabe, M. Scheinert     Created: 2012    Resp: J. Schwabe  
      Status: PUBLIC    

Description:
There, a refined geoid is of interest, especially for oceanographic and glaciological applications. For example, to investigate the Weddell Gyre as a part of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current and, thus, of the global ocean circulation, the mean dynamic topography (MDT) is needed. These days, the marine gravity field can be inferred with high and homogeneous resolution from altimetric height profiles of the mean sea surface. However, in areas permanently covered by sea ice as well as in coastal regions, satellite altimetry features deficiencies. Focussing on the Weddell Sea, these aspects are investigated in detail. In these areas, ground-based data that have not been used for geoid computation so far provide additional information in comparison with the existing high-resolution global gravity field models such as EGM2008. The geoid computation is based on the remove - compute - restore approach making use of least-squares collocation. The residual geoid with respect to a release 4 GOCE model adds up to two meters and more in the near-coastal and continental areas of the Weddell Sea region, also in comparison with EGM2008. Consequently, the thus refined geoid serves to compute new estimates of the regional MDT and geostrophic currents.

References:
J. Schwabe, M. Scheinert (2014). Regional geoid of the Weddell Sea, Antarctica, from heterogeneous ground-based gravity data. Journal of Geodesy, 88, pp. 821-838.

Weddel Sea